What was the Hat Act?
Everyone knows about the Boston Tea Party, and the crucial role the colonists’ protest against the taxes England wanted to place on tea imports played in sparking The American Revolution.
However did you know that headcovers also played a major role?
Before the American Revolution the English Government enacted a policy
called Mercantilism in respect to the American colonies. The purpose of this policy was to ensure that all raw products from the American Colonies would be shipped to England to be turned into finished products and then shipped back to the American Colonies.
At that time in history everyone wore hats women, men, children – just about everyone – and a major source of the material used to produce these hats was beaver pelts from the American Colonies. In fact in 1631 over 12,000 pounds of beaver pelts were shipped from the American Colonies back to England!
So you can understand that as soon as a “homemade” hat industry began to flourish in the American Colonies the folks back in England got worried and decided to do all they could to protect their “hat making industry”.
The infamous 1732 Hat Act which placed a number of restrictions on American Hatmakers. These included limiting the number of workers they could employ, the number of apprentices they could have. The intention of all this was to drive up the cost of making a hat in the colonies thereby ensuring the continued dominance of the English made hat.
The Hat Act of 1732 became known historically as one of the laws that restricted commerce in the Colonies leading to the growing divide between the Colonies and England which eventually led to the American Revolution.
Now don’t forget to buy modern-day hats for women at www.myheadcoverings.com
( Sources include Wikipedia, encyclopedia Britannica, Colonial America.info, American Revolution.org)
By: B. Levi